|long forms||short/contracted forms|
|I||+||If I study, I will pass the exam.||If I study, I'll pass the exam.|
|-||If Sue studies, she will not fail the exam.
If I do not study, I will fail the exam.
|If Sue studies, she won't fail the exam.
If I don't study, I'll fail the exam.
|II||+||If he studied, he would pass the exam.||If he studied, He'd pass the exam.|
|-||If Sue studied, she would not fail the exam.
If it did not rain, I would go to the beach.
|If Sue studied, she wouldn't fail the exam.
If it didn't rain, I'd go to the beach.
|III||+||If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.||If I'd studied, I'd have passed the exam.|
|-||If I had studied, I would not have failed the exam.
If I had not studied, I would have failed the exam.
|If I'd studied, I wouldn't have failed the exam.|
If I hadn't studied, I'd have failed the exam.
"0" Conditional - (something that always happens) - Verbs are in the Present Tense.
+ If you burn the toast, it smells horrible. - - - - -
- If I do not water the plants, they die. If I don't water the plants, they die.
0 - Always happens - Scientific facts - IF + vb present, vb present
I - A general truth, we don't know for sure. Future - IF + vb present, will_____
II - Imagine "what would happen if..."- Presente Subj Esp - IF + vb past simp, would____
III - Refer to past-impossible to change - IF + vb past perfect, would have ___
- IF I
Shall we try some exercises?: Click on the links : EGO4U - Conditionals (1st)
(1st & 2nd) Conditionals
(1st, 2nd and 3rd) Conditionals